Early Years and Family History:

  • 1914: Born into the Barakzai dynasty, Mohammed Zahir Shah was the son of Mohammed Nadir Shah, who would later become king in 1929. His early years were marked by the privilege and responsibility of being raised in a royal household.
  • 1929: His father, Mohammed Nadir Shah, ascended to the throne after overthrowing King Amanullah Khan. This event thrust young Zahir Shah into the political landscape of Afghanistan.

Ascension to the Throne:

  • 1933: At the age of 19, Zahir Shah ascended to the throne after the assassination of his father, Mohammed Nadir Shah. His reign began during a turbulent period, and he was initially guided by his uncles who acted as regents.

Early Reign and Modernization Efforts:

  • 1933-1946: During these years, Afghanistan saw gradual modernization under his rule, including improvements in education, infrastructure, and the establishment of more diplomatic relationships with other countries.
  • 1946: Zahir Shah took full control of the government, marking the start of his direct involvement in Afghan politics and reforms.

Mid-Reign and Political Changes:

  • 1950s-1960s: Zahir Shah introduced several liberal reforms, including the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1964. This period is often considered the golden era of his reign, marked by relative stability and development.
  • 1964: The new constitution of Afghanistan was introduced, granting more political freedoms and establishing a parliamentary system. This era saw the emergence of a more open society with freedoms of speech and press.

Real Name: Mohammed Zahir Shah

Date of Birth: October 15, 1914

Birth Place: Kabul, Afghanistan

Residence: Kabul, Afghanistan (at the time of his reign); Rome, Italy (during exile); Kabul, Afghanistan (post-return)

Profession: Politician, Monarch (Former King of Afghanistan)

Nationality: Afghan

Religion: Islam (Sunni)

Partner: Homaira Begum (Queen Consort)

Father: Mohammed Nadir Shah

Mother: Mah Parwar Begum

Horoscope: Libra

Age: Passed away on July 23, 2007, at the age of 92