Early Life and Family Background: Samad Behrangi was born in Tabriz, a historic city in Iran, on June 24, 1939, into a humble family. His father, Ezzatullah Behrangi, was a laborer, and his mother, Sona Behrangi, was a homemaker. Growing up in a modest household, Behrangi faced numerous financial hardships from a young age, which instilled in him a deep understanding of the struggles of the working class.

Education and Early Career: Behrangi was an avid reader and showed a keen interest in literature and social issues. He pursued his education in Tabriz and eventually graduated from the Teacher Training College. After completing his studies, he became a primary school teacher in the rural areas of Azerbaijan, Iran. His teaching career exposed him to the dire conditions of rural education and the socio-economic struggles of the villagers, which significantly influenced his writings.

Writing Career and Activism: Samad Behrangi is best known for his children’s books, which often carried deep social and political messages. His most famous work, “The Little Black Fish” (“Mahi-ye Siah-e Kouchoulou”), is an allegorical tale about a small fish that dares to explore the world beyond its small stream. The story was widely interpreted as a critique of the oppressive political environment in Iran and became an inspiration for many who sought social change.

In addition to “The Little Black Fish,” Behrangi wrote several other stories, essays, and folk tales that highlighted the plight of the underprivileged and the need for social justice. His works often faced censorship from the authorities due to their revolutionary themes.

Hardships and Challenges: Behrangi’s career was marked by numerous challenges. His outspoken nature and critical views on the socio-political issues in Iran made him a target for the authorities. Despite facing constant surveillance and censorship, he continued to write and teach, driven by his commitment to social justice and education.

Mysterious Death and Legacy: Tragically, Samad Behrangi’s life was cut short on August 31, 1968. He drowned in the Aras River under mysterious circumstances, leading to widespread speculation that his death was orchestrated by the government due to his dissident activities. He was only 28 years old at the time of his death.





Real Name: Samad Behrangi

Date of Birth: June 24, 1939

Birth Place: Tabriz, Iran

Residence: Tabriz, Iran

Profession: Writer, Teacher, Social Activist

Nationality: Iranian

Religion: Muslim

Partner: Not publicly documented

Father: Ezzatullah Behrangi

Mother: Sona Behrangi

Horoscope: Cancer

Age: Passed away at age 28