Early Life and Hardships: Reza Shah Pahlavi was born Reza Khan in a small village in Mazandaran. His father, Abbas-Ali Khan, was an officer in the Persian army, and his mother, Noush-Afarin, was a Georgian Muslim immigrant. His family struggled financially after his father’s death when Reza was still a child. He moved to Tehran with his mother and later joined the Persian Cossack Brigade at the age of 16.

Military Career and Rise to Power: Reza Khan quickly rose through the ranks due to his military prowess and leadership skills. By the 1920s, he had become a prominent figure in the Persian Cossack Brigade. In 1921, he led a coup d’état that deposed the government of Ahmad Shah Qajar. Initially, he served as the minister of war and later as the prime minister of Persia.

In 1925, Reza Khan deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar, ending the Qajar dynasty. He was then proclaimed Shah, establishing the Pahlavi dynasty and adopting the name Reza Shah Pahlavi. His reign marked the beginning of a new era for Iran, characterized by ambitious modernization and secularization programs.

Modernization and Reforms: Reza Shah implemented sweeping reforms to modernize Iran, including the establishment of secular education, the development of infrastructure, the expansion of the railroad system, and the modernization of the military. He sought to reduce the influence of the clergy and implemented policies to encourage Westernization, such as banning traditional clothing like the veil for women and promoting European-style dress.

Challenges and Opposition: Despite his achievements, Reza Shah’s rule was authoritarian and often brutal. He faced opposition from various groups, including religious leaders, tribal factions, and political dissidents. His policies of forced modernization and secularization alienated many traditionalists and clerics.

Legacy: Reza Shah’s legacy is complex. He is credited with laying the foundation for modern Iran through his ambitious reforms and infrastructure projects. However, his authoritarian rule and repressive measures have also left a lasting impact on Iranian society and politics.

Real Name: Reza Shah Pahlavi

Date of Birth: March 15, 1878

Birth Place: Alasht, Savadkuh, Mazandaran, Persia (modern-day Iran)

Residence: During his reign, he resided in various palaces in Iran, including the Marble Palace in Tehran. After abdication, he lived in Mauritius, South Africa, and then Johannesburg.

Profession: Military officer, Shah of Iran

Nationality: Iranian

Religion: Islam (Shia)

Partner: Reza Shah had several wives, including Maryam Savadkoohi, Taj al-Molouk, Turan Amir Soleimani, Esmat Dowlatshahi

Father: Abbas-Ali Khan

Mother: Noush-Afarin

Horoscope: Pisces

Age: Reza Shah died at the age of 66 on July 26, 1944.

Height: Approximately 6 feet (183 cm)

Body Type: Athletic and robust build

Eye Color: Brown

Hair Color: Black (later gray)